In spite of several short comings in the quality of hydrocarbon exploration programme by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) in the Lake Chad Basin or North-East sub-region, over two decades ago, as stated in many accounts, oil was found but in less commercially viable quantity however, gas was discovered in large quantities in the region.
In Borno, especially in the northern parts of the State, the seemingly uninhibited population explosion of the people by the day couple with environmental problems such as, drought etc have led to an unbearable shortage of fresh water by the residents, which is obvious from the way humans and animals compete for this precious resource in the same stream or water points.
Biu local government area is situated at the northeast of Nigeria, the town is blanketed by rocks and mountains with a Celsius nearly similar with Mambila in Taraba and Jos, Plateau, Nigeria’s coldest locations.
Scientists have found several solid minerals and precious stones in commercial quantities but the people were never swayed by these discoveries. The Babur Bura people that inhabit the area are agrarian in nature and are very receptive to Islamization and Christianization that both struggled for space in the vast fertile lands of the area.
An army of able-bodied youths, mostly O’level holders gather every evening at the outskirt of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, along Gubio and Baga local governments T-junction en route Chad and Niger republics. The place also serves as the ‘Fara’ market- meaning, grasshopper market, where women come in droves to buy hoppers or ‘fara’ as early as 6:00am in the morning from their various processing and selling points within and outside the state.